5 Ways Blockchain Technology could Change Real Estate

Blockchain and bitcoin technology are still in their infant stage. However, the technology has made steady progress as it begins to disrupt major industries and the debate over the potential uses and impact blockchain technology could have on the real estate industry is also heating up.

Commercial real estate has been considered a slow mover when it comes to adopting new technologies. This may also be the case for the acceptance of blockchain technology within the industry. All that could change fast if it could improve the bottom line. There are several ways in which bitcoin could impact the real estate industry, and we’ll review a few of these ideas and point you in the right direction in case you’d like to delve deeper.

Smart Contracts

Blockchain technology not only represents a new way to exchange funds or track payments, but it also has the potential make contracts smarter. The Blockchain’s distributed ledger can trace a series of events in chronological order, being able to mathematically verify these events eliminates instances of tampering or fraud.

The secure cryptography ledger can record events and create digital IDs for a multitude of scenarios. Some usage examples of this type of ledger could be for mortgage payments, escrow, or deed transfers. To make things simple, they allow for if-then statements in contracts to be made, then demanded fulfillment

Imagine if you finished paying your mortgage or you completed escrow on a new home or building. The moment those funds and conditions were met the digital contract would instantly transfer that deed ownership. Some would argue the Blockchain is the most reliable transaction record system ever created.

Foreign Investment

Investment into any foreign market is difficult today. There are many government conditions and terms, exchange fees, taxes, and regulations. Each country is different. However, all of them have their friction points.

Blockchain technology can exchange any value funds to any party regardless of location, identity or government regulations. This occurrence could bring up many issues in the future, but the demand to transfer funds and take advantage of changing currency rates will always exist.

Reduce Fraud

Banks are already using funds to research how blockchain could change the way they transfer funds.  Creating a certifiable digital ID allows for funds to be fully tracked. In real estate, the use of a proof of funds document or a bank letter is often used to show purchasing capabilities. These documents can often be forged or outdated. Often these documents are saved as simple .pdf files and can even be emailed and forwarded on without consent.

Blockchain provides a certifiable and instant way to verify ownership of funds. Picture an instance where you have verifiable proof of funds and a digital transfer of a deed. The Blockchain could allow two parties to exchange large assets instantly, securely and even anonymously.


Blockchain technology could allow crowdfunding to be even more liquid than it is today. New start-ups have come into the real estate tech scene recently that operate as secondary markets for alternative real estate investments. Companies like CFX are already setting up marketplaces to exchange these assets.

Bitcoin and sidechains could allow for these assets or fractional ownership in real estate to be traded quicker, and at a more accurate market price.

The Internet of Things

Just like blockchain, the possibilities for the internet of things are endless. Similar to our above scenario where blockchain technology could allow for smart contracts, the same could be said for the internet of things. The sharing economy has already taken hold as a major player in the tech space. The opportunity to share rides, cars, apartments, and homes has rippled through our economy.  In these instances, people are stuck doing some of the process or transaction. That may be dropping off keys for an AirBnB, or needed to meet someone in person to exchange a Getaround. What blockchain could influence is how we use tokens to grant permission for certain things to take place. A blockchain token could be used to open that apartment or car, or maybe to unlock a computer or phone.

Startups like International Blockchain Real Estate Association are starting to populate the blockchain / real estate space, with so many potential uses, only time will tell if blockchain can emerge as the next everyday real estate technology.

Why Asian Investment Dollars are Flooding into Australia in 2016

As the world continues to shrink (metaphorically, don’t panic), international real estate investment is becoming more popular than ever before. Improved communications, reduced transactional friction, and investment-friendly policies are drawing Asian investment to the U.S. market in record numbers. There’s also been intense activity in Australian real estate, particularly from Asian investors.

iProperty.com conducted a survey at the end of the year which showed that Australia was the first choice of investment location for international property buyers based in Singapore and Malaysia, second for Indonesian investors.

Experts suggest that these investors see Australian properties as a better investment than real estate in other countries. It is often relatively cheap, given currency fluctuations. The Australian dollar has fallen by about 30% in the last few years.

Asian investors arelooking at larger towns like Newcastle and Wollongong. Larger established towns (with) universities in place and also potential for growth from a commercial side of things,” according to a profile posted last summer.

There’s been a high level of investment from China as well. The Wall Street Journal recently reported that Chinese investment in Australian real estate has doubled in the past year. This segment accounts for 16% of the total sales of Australian real estate.  In fact, China invests 3 times the amount in Australian real estate that the U.S. does, and 6 times what Singapore invests. Prior to 2013, the U.S. was the leading investor in Australian property.  China is extremely important to the Australian economy. It is Australia’s largest export destination and also contributes to that country’s growing international tourism.

This is partly fueled by uncertainty surrounding the Chinese economy. Favorable trade agreements and a growing Chinese middle class also encourage the flow of investment to the Australian market. High net worth individuals in China find the Australian market attractive, both in terms of price and economic stability.

Actions by the Australian government at the end of 2015 put a bit of a damper on foreign real estate investors. The government cracked down on property owners who had not gotten the required approval for their investments. It also instated a new fee for international investors registering their Australian properties.  Rules governing newly built properties are less restrictive, and this has led to record participation from foreign investors in development projects.

The international impact is being felt most in the residential market, in part due to the small size of the commercial market, which is dominated by domestic investors. Still, foreign money is going into commercial properties as well as development plans.  Overall, in the past year, 50% of Australian real estate investment capital came from foreign investors, according to Australia’s Foreign Investment Review Board.

Observers predict that this high level of foreign interest will have an impact on all sectors of the Australian market. Demand is expected to grow in hotels and resorts and even in the rural land market. It’s likely that this trend in high demand will continue into 2016.

These 3 CRE Tech Trends are Fueling Capital Raises for Developers

Marketing approaches for CRE development projects have come a long way. Attracting strong buyers now involves strategic implementation of CRE tech tools that enhance and streamline the process. It’s worth incorporating new technology that brings projects to life, clarifying details and providing context.


An important new tool in many areas of the business, “unmanned aerial vehicles,” or drones, are changing the game in property tours and site selection. Drones can be used to photograph properties from new viewpoints to provide a clearer perspective on building size and location, as well as its proximity to transportation and other facilities. Through the drone’s camera, the context for proposed construction and renovation can be clearly established.  One look at the striking visual images and video provides extensive information and instantly communicates possibility.

There are rules for commercial use of drones, and these are still evolving as the FAA considers new uses that are being dreamt up. Usage is very restricted for Devices weighing over 55 pounds, and there are limitations on how high a drone is allowed to fly. Currently these small drones can only be flown during the day, and they have to always be within sight of the operator.  The FAA recently opened a site for registering these smaller drones.

Small drones are fairly inexpensive drones and easy to operate, but most firms leave that to specialists. Companies like Spark Aerial have come along in response to this need. They specialize in creating amazing marketing pieces for a variety of industries, including commercial real estate development.

Sensor Technology

Basing plans and marketing on data is an industry best practice, and sensor technology is becoming an important source of data in CRE. An electronic sensor can serve as a tireless assistant, gathering information and reporting round the clock from its designated location.

Traffic sensors have been around for years, and are extremely useful in city planning and evaluation of transportation systems.  The data on pedestrian and vehicle traffic patterns helps these agencies to optimize the use of space and also ensure public safety. In recent years, other industries have adopted these tools to inform decision making and increase efficiency.

Commercial real estate applies this technology as a source of data on any location.  It’s surprisingly easy and cost-effective to get set up and start gathering data. The hardware is very inexpensive and only requires an electrical outlet. This is a fairly trouble-free and low-maintenance technology. Support for these devices is provided by services like Motionloft, which also gather and aggregate the data for their clients. Property owners or managers can access this data at will and send useful reports to tenants and potential investors.

Sensor data are very valuable in setting the scene for proposed development. The level of traffic in a specific location helps to inform and justify all sorts of decisions related to demand, capacity, and potential returns.

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality is becoming widely used in CRE. It can be used by brokers, agents, and developers to create a remote customer experience that is very close to a physical tour of a property –and in some respects, even better.  Using headsets like the Hololens is making “augmented reality” a CRE term. Services like Foundry 45 are blazing a trail and expanding our idea of how VR can be used. Using VR, potential investors can be immersed in a speculative environment, and can be given a realistic picture of proposed construction or renovation.

Related tools can create 3D models that include incredible property details, and digital floor plans that can be shared in an instant.  These are powerful tools for collaboration and planning, and also expand upon the level of information that can be provided to prospective investors in a big way.  At sites like Floored you can find interactive 3D models, video fly throughs and other digital experiences.

Why Grocery Anchored Tenants are Replacing Big Box Tenants

Like every other segment of the commercial real estate market, retail took a major hit in the downturn. Vacancies soared as established franchises left the scene, and the industry was forced to step back and reassess strategies.

Added to the tough economy was the advent of e-commerce, which has had a profound effect on the brick and mortar properties in retail. Big box stores in particular began to reassess space requirements as more purchases were made through online services. That’s where opportunity arose for grocery anchored tenants.

This has caused a shift in the makeup of shopping centers across the country. Moving forward, the trend is away from the big box stores as anchor tenants. These are the key retailers and service providers that regularly draw customers to a shopping center.

Investment interest in retail remains strong. Real Capital Analytics reported that the retail sector’s sales volume increased by more than 30% in 2014, and that is after a 10% increase the prior year. Total volume was nearly $83 billion, and interestingly $12.8 billion of that went to shopping centers anchored by grocery stores.

Following the downturn, it became more difficult to fill anchor spaces in shopping centers as the big box stores struggled to recover. Meanwhile grocery stores recovered to pre-2007 levels in less than 2 years, making them the new anchor of choice in many cases. Other retail segments such as department stores, electronics, and sporting goods have still not fully regained their pre-2008 strength.

Grocery stores were also less affected by another factor: e-commerce. As many retailers added an online component and mobile apps to their range of services, their need for physical space changed. Many stores that would traditionally be considered anchor properties – Staples and Sports Authority, for example- have moved to reduce their footprint.

Grocery stores, on the other hand, have been expanding their offerings. Following the lead of chains like Whole Foods, many now include café space and incorporate on-site dining. The fresh foods movement encourages more frequent visits to the grocery as well, often drawing consumers to the center every few days. This is helping to make grocery stores an obvious choice for the anchor location.

And these centers are proving popular and successful. When offered for sale, these properties can command low cap rates of around 5 percent to 6 percent or less. The presence of an anchoring grocery store helps to keep the shopping center vibrant and though it changes the paradigm a bit, the decline of the big box store does not signal doom for retail.

As the former favorite anchors restructure to accommodate online sales, those big box stores require less physical space and even parking. This creates an opportunity to reconfigure outdated shopping centers, anchored by grocery stores and offering a more pedestrian-friendly layout in many cases.

The popularity of grocery-anchored shopping centers is a reaction to their resilience in the downturn. The need to fill vacancies made these businesses a good choice, and their appeal to consumers boosts surrounding businesses as well.  The configuration of shopping centers is ever-evolving, but there is no doubt that the current industry darling is the grocery-anchored center.

Foreign Investment in U.S. Commercial Real Estate Market: An Update

The American commercial real estate market has received a sizable shot in the arm from foreign investors in recent years, and indications point to continued growth there. With foreign capital representing about a quarter of all investment sales in the U.S., this activity has been important in enabling commercial developments here. As we settle into 2016, here’s a rundown of where things stand and where they’re likely headed.

Heavy Investors

Interest in the U.S. market is high across regions, with the highest levels of investment coming from Canada, China, and Australia. This hierarchy is shifting, though, as Chinese investment has surged over the past year with strong continued momentum. Regionally, the Asia-Pacific investors lead the field.

A factor driving increased activity is the lack of attractive options in the home country as well as some relaxation of restrictions on outbound investment. The U.S. commercial market continues to represent the most stable and secure investment option for many foreign buyers, although the European market is also likely to attract international attention. The Eurozone has stabilized over the last year and there are some distressed asset opportunities that will be attractive to investors.

Institutional investors with massive pools of capital to invest have helped to boost prices in primary U.S. markets, and foreign investors are looking beyond those to secondary cities like Seattle, Philadelphia, Miami, and Dallas.

Decreasing Friction

The time seems right for international investment, with governments easing restrictions on both ends. Thanks to the Real Estate Investment and Jobs Act of 2015, the tax burden imposed on foreign investors by FIRPTA (Foreign Investment in Real Properties Act-1980) may be considerably lighter. FIRPTA’s original purpose was to discourage cross-border transactions, and it imposed heavy taxes on foreign investors. The JOBS Act goes a long way toward eliminating that barrier.

This legislation increases the percentage of publicly traded stock that a foreign shareholder may hold without incurring FIRPTA withholding and tax upon sale of the stock from 5 percent to 10 percent. It also exempts from tax certain gains on the sale of REIT stocks and capital gain distributions from REITs.

In addition, The Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (PATH) heads off the potential for tax increases down the road, and also makes it easier for foreign buyers to invest in development projects in the U.S. Price-Waterhouse recently outlined the changes that impact international investments in U.S. CRE.

These changes are expected to facilitate the flow of capital into the U.S. commercial market from global investors.

Pulling it Together

Overall, international investors are drawn to the U.S. market for safety rather than yield, attracted to the reliable, low-risk options to be found in our primary cities. Those who venture into the secondary markets are looking for better pricing and higher potential yields.

Meanwhile, foreign investment is driving up prices in major markets and competition for properties is high. Supply is not meeting demand. This opens the door for increased investment in commercial development projects.  

On our end, facilitating foreign investment in the U.S. market requires establishing partnerships that are mutually beneficial and assist international buyers in navigating regulations and tax law. It’s critical to understand the objectives of these buyers, and offer expertise in local markets and regulations that help them to achieve those goals.

4 Successful Vetting Strategies for Off-Market Deals

Off-market deals can be a terrific investment opportunity, often providing access to high-dollar properties that are not listed on any publicly accessible source. This private real estate marketplace is beginning to open up, with opportunities for a wider range of investors to participate.

Once an off-market property has been identified, the work that must be done upfront to evaluate or “vet” the deal is essentially the same. It is important to cover your bases and gather the information you need to make the best decision. This data is available to you, whether the property is officially “for sale” or not.

#1: Do your own property valuation

When considering an off-market investment, it’s important to come to your own conclusions on the value of a property. The timeframe for these deals can be different than with listed properties; it may be the case that a quick sale is important to the owner, or that a more conventional timeframe can be used. Either way, don’t skimp on diligence in valuation, or take the seller’s word on the value of the property.

You’ll want to establish a reasonable price for the property, and know what you’re willing to offer, based on hard facts. Whether you complete this work yourself or have a service gather the information, determine the Net Operating Income for any commercial property you’re considering (income minus operating expenses), and make sure that you can expect a fair rate of return on your investment.

It is often the case that a property is nearly suitable, but will require some modification or renovation after purchase. Evaluate the potential improvements needed on the property, and ask a trusted contractor to price those for you. Include those figures in your financial analysis as an important consideration for developing your offer.

#2: Review important documents

Looking into any real estate deal should include a thorough review of relevant documents. Due diligence should include collecting and evaluating these items:

  •         The deed
  •         Information on current tenants/lease terms, etc.
  •         Zoning documents indicating allowable uses of the property
  •         Land and improvement surveys
  •         Copies of any property bills
  •         Service contracts
  •         Any notice of pending legal and/or government action
  •         Environmental assessments
  •         Any special assessments or taxes
  •         Any seller inspections
  •         All construction plans and warranties in the seller’s possession
  •         Current title insurance and other insurance


#3: Get independent data

For some property information, it’s necessary to generate new data for yourself. A current land survey and a professional property inspection must be done to ensure that what is being sold accurately reflects the reality on the ground.

Gather information on the market and local trends that may influence the future value of the property.

#4: Know the players

The people involved in a deal are good indicators of its overall quality. Look into the record of the seller or developer of the property. Consider the success of previous projects as well as their reputation. Reach out to colleagues and partners who’ve had dealings with the seller and find out about their qualifications.  If these don’t match your expectations, move on to a property that does.

Who Uses Real Estate Technology?

Guest post by Caleb Koffler

There has been a lot of buzz around real estate technology recently, from startup pundits to the Wall Street Journal, citing mostly the astonishing rise in number of companies and the growth in venture investment to $1.6 billion in 2015 – a 350% increase over 2010.

When I began to explore real estate technologies, I wrongly assumed its narrow parameters. I decided to break it down by players in the ecosystem to better understand their pain points, and the ways in which technologists are addressing them.

The Developer

Developers are taking note primarily in a subcategory called property tech in which companies are working to increase energy efficiency, enhance security, and improve tenant experience. With global warming, rising costs of energy, heightened security concerns and more demanding competition, developers are using new technologies to lower construction costs, identify key development opportunities, and attract discerning tenants and buyers. Predictive mapping and zoning software from CartoFront, is uncovering prime development potential by using actionable data to maximize decision-making.

The “internet of things” (IoT) revolution is also having a huge impact on new development. I recently visited a newly built home in Vermont that has over 70 devices installed in the home and connected to WiFi ranging from the kitchen appliances, and light fixtures, to surveillance and entertainment systems. With this type of constant connectivity, smart electrical use will become even more critical in real estate development – especially with after hours processes, which are being modernized by Genea to more effectively manage HVAC and lights, among other services.

The Sales Broker

Anyone who has discussed marketplace technologies with old-school brokers knows that it can be a touchy subject. There is a real fear of disintermediation, but evidence suggests that the most successful companies are tapping the brokerage community as primary users of their platforms.

This is especially true in residential sales brokerage, where Zillow and StreetEasy have used brokers as a way to grow their marketplaces while providing brokers and leasing agents a medium to connect with new and prospective clients.

Brokers across the country have adopted technology to prospect for new business, and to more effectively market their listings. One such company, Floored, creates interactive 3D graphics for space visualization to assist brokers in illustrating the possible uses of a space.

While the aforementioned fear of disintermediation is real, and it may impact brokers eventually, we’ve seen that both tech companies, and consumers value the relationships and expertise brokers provide – that the human-touch of a broker goes a long way.

The Lender

Mortgages are a commodity; they are impacted by a number of relatively standard factors such as credit, leverage, risk, term, and location. They are also a competitive business with many players vying to underwrite the most attractive assets.

Tools such as Reonomy and Credifi are providing lenders with more accurate market information, and better data to effectively prospect and strengthen their pipeline for financing opportunities.

Alternative forms of lending, including peer-to-peer and crowd funding, have introduced competition into the market. Platforms like Better Mortgage, and marketplaces like Raisal are forcing lenders to work faster, be more transparent, and provide better terms to prospective clients.

The Property Manager

The need to collaborate, track jobs, compare bids and report on every event occurring with a property can be a nightmare of disorganization and inefficiency. While many managers continue to communicate with tenants by phone or email and work manually through issues, platforms like Yardi and Appfolio are helping managers improve communication, provide faster service and ultimately save money.

Online property management software (OPMS) has provided smaller shops with best practices and the opportunity to compete with the larger companies, which has been a factor in prices declining overall. Lastly, cross-departmental integration of these software’s and mobile compatibility has led to a significant uptrend in its adoption.

The Investor

In my opinion, the most exciting and disruptive technologies coming out of the recent real estate tech “boom” are in this space – broadening access to real estate investment and changing the way deals are sourced and transacted.

Traditionally, commercial real estate investment was reserved for the high net-worth individuals and investment firms that had relationships and could participate in exclusive syndications. Today, crowd-funding platforms have lowered the barrier of entry to average investors who are seeking to diversify and reap the benefits of strong returns larger real estate investments can offer.

Even for more sophisticated individual and institutional investors, access to strong deal flow can be hard to come by. With new tools and online marketplaces, deal flow is improving and the transactional process is being streamlined with better data to improve due diligence.

Tech’s Competitive Advantage

Traditionally seen as lagging in terms of technology adoption, the current generation of real estate professionals is forging ahead with unprecedented technology adoption. The leaders of the real estate tech revolution understand that their competitive advantage – and ultimately their success – is based on their ability to leverage the tools available to them to provide better services to their clients.

3 Reasons Why Mixed-Use Developments are in High Demand in 2016

Mixed-use developments have been on the radar for several years, and are increasingly attractive to both domestic and foreign investors. A subtle slowdown in the hot multi-family market may be attributed in part to a preference for the live/work/play environment, especially in urban markets.

Experts point out that as much as 33% of the population desires to live in a walkable, mixed use neighborhood, for a variety of reasons. The national supply of such developments is not nearly enough to meet that demand.

This type of environment, which combines residential, commercial and retail space, offer advantages to each type of tenant, as well as to the investor. Residents enjoy the convenience of having dining, shopping, and parks right near home, and retail establishments can benefit from a built-in customer base.

There are several key factors that contribute to the rising interest in mixed-use developments.

Multi-family demand has dropped

While still brisk in many markets, overall demand for multi-family investments has eased up, causing investors to look elsewhere.  This is partly due to demographics. The millennial generation, with its strong preference for central locations and easy access to city amenities, favors the mixed-use model. It enables them to leave a smaller carbon footprint, spend less time commuting, and create a sense of community.

More diversified developments entail less risk

A basic tenet of diversification is that a collection of different types of investment exposes the buyer to less risk than investing in a single type of asset. A key issue in diversification is the correlation between assets, the benefits increasing with lower correlation. Mixed-use developments are diverse by their nature. Residential units can provide steady income in times when retail markets may be struggling, and the longer leases common to commercial properties create more continuity than one-year residential agreements.

Investors can in effect have 2 income streams, and be less vulnerable overall to commercial downturns or population shifts.

Residential tenants fuel demand for retail space

Basically, the mixture of tenant types feed on each other in a mixed-use development. Residential tenants want the convenience of nearby businesses, and the presence of thriving businesses attracts new residents.

Some of the specific benefits to retailers are:

Greater exposure to customers

Retail businesses located near residences are seen daily by the people who live there. They’re much more likely than stand-alone stores to attract interest and foot traffic.

Easier code and safety compliance

Mixed-use developments are built and maintained to residential standards, and they’re more likely to already comply with the strictest standards for things like fire alarms, wiring, ventilation, sprinklers, handicap access, and elevator codes and inspections

Better property management

Professional management services are necessary for mixed-use properties, to address the diverse needs of the entire community.  In general, this means more accessible and responsive performance and support.

As the popularity of mixed-use spaces continues to grow, we look for a corresponding increase in investor interest. Along with their advantages to society –more efficient transportation and parking, less fuel dependency, and more people walking- these developments present solid advantages to real estate investors.

Who are NYC’s Biggest Foreign Real Estate Investors?

The dollar volume for commercial real estate continues to mount, with a jump of 45% in the first quarter of last year. This growth is related to the fact that many transactions involve multiple properties –buying in bulk, so to speak.

About a quarter of this capital comes from foreign investors, often in the form of pension funds and other institutional investors with large amounts of capital. These investors favor the U.S. market because of its comparable stability, showing more interest in security than on yield.

In New York City, the Middle East and Asia have dominated the CRE market, creating intense competition for properties and driving up prices overall. A recent article on The Real Deal lists the city’s top 10 international investors, ranked by the capital each has pumped into New York’s CRE market.

1. China

Chinese buyers led the way in 2015 in terms of foreign investment in NYC commercial properties, spending $8.61 billion. They’re also the most active investors in the city’s residential market.  One factor at play here is the EB5 Immigrant Investor program, which grants green cards in exchange for investment in the U.S. Of the 10,000 participants last year, more than 92% were Chinese nationals.

2. Qatar

The Qatar Investment Authority is a major investor in city properties and projects. In October it purchased 44% of Brookfield’s Manhattan West mixed-use project, valued at $8.6 billion.

3. Norway

Norway’s massive sovereign wealth fund spent 1.95 billion on Manhattan CRE last year. Purchases included a major stake in Trinity Real Estate’s Hudson Square portfolio.

4. Abu Dhabi

This oil-rich country’s sovereign wealth fund, ADIA (Abu Dhabi Investment Authority) invested $1.16 billion in NYC real estate last year. ADIA bought the London NYC at 151 West 54th Street in Midtown for $382 million and the New York Edition hotel at 5 Madison Avenue in the Flatiron District for $343 million in 2015.

5. South Korea

The economy here has been weak and South Korean’s investors put their money into Manhattan properties, including the Palace Hotel, purchased for $805 million in 2015. Their contribution to the market: $1.1 billion.

6. Japan

Deals in NYC are extremely attractive to Japanese investors, who have seen short-term interest rates at home move to below zero. Their economic stagnation encourages Japanese investment here, to the tune of $1.03 billion in 2015.

7. Germany

German investment appears to be losing strength, but accounted for $580 million in NYC commercial investment last year.

8. Israel

Israel’s investors contributed about $445 million to the Manhattan commercial market in 2015.

Rounding out the top 10 are Brazil and Russia. These economies have been struggling with high inflation and problems in Russia caused by Putin’s invasion of Crimea. While they were a significant source of capital for the New York market in 2015, they appear to be pulling back from previous spending levels.

Economic challenges overseas can spell opportunity for U.S. real estate, and the outlook is favorable for interest from foreign investors. As competition tightens and prices climb, some may look to secondary markets for better deals, but the capital is there and the NYC market is universally regarded as a solid option.

These are the Most Insane Real Estate Developments of 2016

2016 is bringing in some of the most incredible real estate developments ever. Let’s take a look at some of these massive real estate projects.  There are some skyline changing mega towers that you need to see.  Here are 5 of the most exciting new developments.

Hudson Yards, New York

This is the largest private real estate development in New York, and the largest project in the history of the United States. It won’t be finished until 2024, but when it’s completed it will be remarkable. Over 17 million square feet are being built. This will be a mix of retail, office, residential, and hospitality properties. It is sure to be one of the great attractions of New York City. Here is a link to the project. Hudson Yards

Hunters Point Shipyard, San Francisco

This is a massive project, changing the entire hunter’s point area of San Francisco. Candlestick Park was demolished last year and the neighborhood is expecting big changes. Real estate prices have sharply risen throughout the city in the past years and the impact is being felt all throughout the region. An $8 billion dollar project that will contain over 3M SQ SF of office space and over 1000 residential homes is now being built. More on the project: Hunters Point Shipyard

Wilshire Grand, Los Angeles

Set to be the West Coast’s tallest tower, the new hotel will have over 900 rooms when it’s completed in January of 2017. The 73 story skyscraper will be set in the heart of downtown LA. This is a development that will change the Los Angeles skyline. Take a look at the project here: Wilshire Grand


The Miami Worldcenter, Miami

This multi-billion dollar project consist of entertainment, residential, hospitality,  and retail. There is a signature piece of the Worldcenter that will stand as a 700 foot tall residential skyscraper. A convention center and a Marriott Marquis are also in the plans. The completion date is scheduled for 2018. More here: Miami Worldcenter

Solaire, San Francisco

San Francisco’s Transbay Terminal area is changing fast, this 32 story residential tower has over 400 units. Leasing has already started on the building and move ins are scheduled to start May 15th, 2016. All of the luxury units have floor-to-ceiling windows designed to offer exceptional views of the bay. Take a look here: Solaire

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